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Chest Wall Deformities

Sunken Chest (Pectus Excavatum)

Sunken chest, also known as pectus excavatum, is a condition where the breastbone is sunken into the chest. It looks like there is a deep dent in the centre of the chest.

Severe cases of Pectus Excavatum can interfere with the function of the heart and lungs.

Causes / Risk factors

  • Family history
  • Medical problems linked to this condition include:
    • Marfan Syndrome
    • Noonan Syndrome


  • Open corrective surgery
  • Bracing
  • Minimally Invasive Repair of Pectus Excavatum (MIRPE)

Pigeon Chest (Pectus Carinatum)

Pigeon chest, scientifically known as pectus carinatum, is a condition where the breastbone extends outwards. Severe cases may cause shortness of breath, especially during exercise.

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