PAD Assessment

Peripheral Artery Disease can only be diagnosed using specialised tests.  At IJN, we will conduct a series of tests which starts with a review of your medical and family history followed by a physical exam and finally, a diagnostics test.

Physical Exam

Our doctors will conduct a physical exam to check for the following:

  • Pulse in your legs and feet to determine if there is enough blood flow circulation
  • Color, temperature and appearance of your legs and feet
  • Signs of poor wound healing on legs and feet

Diagnostic Test

Diagnostic tests used to diagnose the disease includes:

  • Ankle Brachial pressure index (ABI)
  • Nerve sensation
  • Blood circulation
  • Any problems with your feet
  • Doppler ultrasound test

IJN’s Diabetes Clinic is offering diabetic foot assessment every Friday by appointment.

Peripheral Vascular Intervention

Peripheral vascular intervention (PVI) is the preferred first-line treatment for PAD patients with blockages in the main blood vessels of the leg.  PVI is a non-invasive technique that restores blood flow to the affected artery without surgery.

The doctor conducting PVI creates a small opening in the leg, where a catheter (a thin flexible tube) is guided through the artery to the affected site. This catheter acts as a ‘tunnel’ through which the necessary tools, such as stents (a type of mesh tube to keep the artery open) can be inserted to treat the disease. 

To treat narrowed blood vessels (lesions) in the legs, a spot stenting procedure is used to enable the placing of short individual stents to the necessary parts of a vessel, instead of the full metal jack concept where the entire area is covered by a metal stent.  The B.Braun VascuFlex® Multi-LOC is a multiple-stent system that gently widens lesions of blood vessels by implanting only to the important lesion segments. These stents are exposed to enormous physical challenges in the legs and have the function to widen narrowed blood vessels to ensure blood supply in the legs and that the natural movement of the arteries remain.

Contact Us
National Heart Institute,
145, Jalan Tun Razak,
50400 Kuala Lumpur